Kaltham Jabor Al- Kuwari
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is an extremely common anxiety disorder that causes severe negative impact on functioning levels. While the use of medications such as SSRIs are helpful in the treatment of some anxiety disorders, the issues of compliance, side effects and efficacy impact the long-term benefit for social anxiety disorder patients.
The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral interventions for SAD is well established. This study is a preliminary attempt to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of an 8 week CBT program.
A single case design with pre–post and 1-month follow-up assessment was adopted. Seven consecutive patients, who fulfilled the DSM-V criteria for a primary diagnosis of social anxiety disorder, were included in the study. Patients were recruited from the outpatient psychiatric services of the Hamad Medical Hospital Inclusion criteria were a primary diagnosis of SAD, over the age of 18, and a citizen of Qatar.
Clinical diagnosis of social anxiety disorder was obtained by the first author using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Moroccan Arab Version 5.0.0 (MINI). Patients were assessed at baseline, post intervention and 1-month follow-up. The Leibowitz social anxiety scale was administered. Patients received 8 weekly sessions of CBT, which was carried out by the first author.
The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, self-report was translated into Arabic and back translated for validity. The LSAS is a 24 item self-report scale that assesses fear and avoidance separately as well as an overall total score and was used to assess social anxiety.