Asthma is a chronic respiratory illness, occasionally troublesome and difficult, but very manageable, affecting the airways, making it difficult to breathe. It can be very manageable and is quite common in children but can also continue into adulthood.
If your child has asthma, he or she is not alone. In Qatar, asthma affects around 20 percent of children of school age and, in the United States, it affects 22 million people. It is the most widespread chronic childhood disease.
Asthma, also known as reactive airway disease, is defined as a chronic lung condition with:
- Inflammation (swelling) of the airways
- Increased sensitivity of the airways to a variety of things that make asthma worse
- Obstruction of airflow
In some children with asthma, the mucus glands in the airways produce too much mucus, promoting further obstruction.