Welcome to the Allergy and Immunology website, which is designed to help you navigate your way through your allergic and immunological concerns.The Allergy and Immunology Awareness Program (AIAP) is an HMC based program dedicated to raising awareness and understanding about these conditions.Here you can learn about some of the basics and most common conditions, stay updated on the latest news and scientific advances for allergies and primary immunodeficiencies.These pages also aim to support parents of children who have one or more of these conditions. As such we have stories and activities for our younger patients in the kids’ corner.Allergic/immunological conditions usually start in childhood and most of the time, carry on well into adulthood. Not only do they have clear physical effects on a person, but also social, emotional and psychological ones, due to the chronic nature of the majority of these diseases.Advances in medicine have made it possible to manage these diseases through pharmaceuticals as well as healthier daily choices. Living and coping with what could be the long term use of medications and lifestyle adaptations, can be a journey. As such, the AIAP was born to guide you through that journey, to simplify and create easy access to relevant information from sources you can trust.We hope that through the resources presented on this site, we are able to link you to the information you and your family need. Dr. Mehdi AdeliMD, FAAAAI, FACAAI, FAAP, A.B.A.I, A.B.PSenior Consultant, Allergy & Immunology Assistant Professor, Weill Cornell Medicine-QatarPediatrics Department,Hamad Medical Corporation
Food Allergy Awareness Week
May 8-14, 2022
What Is a Food Allergy?
- A food allergy occurs when the body’s immune system sees a certain food as harmful and reacts by causing symptoms.
- Nine foods cause most food allergy reactions: Milk, egg, peanut, tree nut, wheat, sesame, soy, fish, and shellfish.
- Allergic reactions can involve the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain.
- Mild and severe symptoms can lead to a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.
What Is Anaphylaxis?
- Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. Symptoms of anaphylaxis usually involve more than one part of the body and can worsen quickly.
- Symptoms of anaphylaxis can include:
- Skin: hives (often very itchy), flushed skin, or rash
- Mouth: swelling of the lips, tongue, and throat; tingling or itchy feeling in the mouth
- Lungs: shortness of breath, trouble breathing, coughing, or wheezing
- Heart: dizziness, lightheadedness, loss of consciousness, low blood pressure, shock
- Stomach: cramps, vomiting, diarrhea
- Anaphylaxis must be treated right away with epinephrine and get emergency medical care to ensure symptoms resolve.
How Are Food Allergies Managed and Treated?
- Although new treatments are being developed, there is currently no cure for food allergies.
- People with food allergies should carefully read food ingredient labels and always ask about ingredients before eating food prepared by other people.
- Epinephrine is the first line of treatment for anaphylaxis.
- People with food allergies should always have epinephrine with them.