​This domain defines the professional accountability and scope of ethical and legal practice of the registered nurse in relation to patients, families, other members of the multidisciplinary team, community and society.
 
Accountability
Accepts accountability for own actions, decision-making and for the related outcomes. 

Performance criteria:
  • Demonstrates accountability for own professional judgments, actions, outcomes of care and continued competence in accordance with Qatari laws and regulations and the Scope of Practice (HMC).
  • Works within the limits of own competence and the boundaries of the Scope of Practice (HMC).
  • Seeks appropriate guidance when encountering situations beyond the limits of own competence and the Scope of Practice (HMC).
  • Acknowledges and respects the accountability and responsibilities of other healthcare professionals and personnel.
  • Takes accountability for delegation of aspects of care delivery.
  • Participates in activities to optimize patient access to the full range of services required for effective healthcare.
  • Assumes accountability for improving the quality and effectiveness of healthcare services provided.
Ethical Practice
Delivers nursing care and practices embedding the Code of Professional Behavior and Ethics for Nurses (HMC) as the ethical and professional framework considering the socio-cultural needs of patients, families, communities and society. 

Performance criteria:
  • Practices according to the Code of Professional Behavior and Ethics for Nurses (HMC).
  • Engages in ethical decision-making with respect to own professional responsibilities or where ethical issues affect healthcare delivery or clinical decision-making.
  • Acts as patient advocate protecting the person’s rights in accordance with Qatari law and HMC terms and conditions.
  • Maintains confidentiality and makes every reasonable effort to ensure the security of written, verbal and electronic patient information.
  • Respects the patient’s (including children and young people and their parents) right to be fully informed establishing a context for self- determination, assent (children) and informed consent.
  • Respects and maintains the patient’s and family’s right for privacy and dignity.
  • Acts sensitively and fairly giving due consideration to diversity, including cultural and religious beliefs, race, age, gender, physical and mental state, and other relevant factors.
  • Liaises and collaborates with other healthcare professionals and personnel to ensure ethical practice is maintained.
  • Questions when appropriate, healthcare practice where the safety of others is at risk and where the quality of care warrants improvement; acts where the safety of care is compromised and where necessary reports others who may be risking patient safety.
  • Demonstrates professional integrity in matters where a conflict of interest could be construed, i.e. when advising on the use of drugs, products, devices or services (as per facility approved policy and Code of Professional Behavior and Ethics for Nurses).
Legal Implications of Nursing Practice
Functions at all times in accordance with legislative, regulatory and policy guidelines relevant to registered nursing practice. 

Performance criteria:
  • Practices in accordance with agreed policies and procedures that guide nursing practice.
  • Practices in accordance with relevant laws and regulations that govern nursing practice.
  • Maintains valid registration and licensure to practice in Qatar.
  • Recognizes and acts upon breaches of laws and regulations relating to the professional role and/or Code of Professional Behavior and Ethics for Nurses (HMC).