Gynecological cancer impacts women worldwide. According to the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer, gynecological cancers account for 19 percent of the 5.1 million estimated new cancer cases diagnosed each year.
Any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs is called a gynecological cancer. There are five main types: cervical, ovarian, womb (also called uterine or endometrial cancer), vaginal, and vulvar.
As a group, they are referred to as gynecological cancer. But each is unique, with different signs, symptoms, and risk factors.