Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition caused by the inability of the kidneys to function effectively.
Quick facts:

  • Early chronic kidney disease has no signs or symptoms.
  • Chronic kidney disease usually does not go away.
  • Kidney disease can be treated. The earlier you know you have it, the better your chances of receiving effective treatment.
  • Blood and urine tests are used to check for kidney disease.
  • Kidney disease can progress to kidney failure.
Risk factors for CKD:

There are many risk factors contributing to the development of kidney disorders. It is important that people are aware of these risk factors and take steps to prevent them, where possible.
Preventable risk factors:
  • High blood pressure (major risk factor)
  • Diabetes (major risk factor)
  • Excess body fat
  • Smoking
  • Pain killer (NSAIDs)
Non-preventable risk factors:
  • Family history of CKD
  • Being over 50 years old
  • You are of African, Hispanic, Aboriginal or Asian origin